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Fakultät Sozialwissenschaften


How are varying care systems associated with inequalities in care and wellbeing in later life?

Brief description

In the three-year ORA (Open Research Area) project, we investigate whether and how different long-term care systems and recent reforms of long-term care within Europe and Japan are related to socioeconomic differences in the use of formal and informal care, health and well-being in later life. The study of specific characteristics of long-term care interventions provides theoretical evidence on inequalities in family, health and well-being in two ways. We explore which specific national policies implicitly or explicitly support family care and evaluate empirically whether such policies contribute to socioeconomic inequalities in family care. Second, we will investigate whether the health outcomes and well-being consequences of socioeconomic inequalities in older adults are related to key factors in long-term care. This should allow for a better understanding of the consequences of different care strategies for inequalities in care, health and well-being in later life and for targeted policy interventions.

Project term


Cooperation partners

Prof. Dr. M. Broese van Groenou, (Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam), Prof. Dr. K. Glaser (King’s College London) und Prof. Dr. Yoko Ibuka (Keio University Tokyo)

Team of the TU Dortmund University

Prof. Dr. Martina Brandt (project leader), Dr. habil. Christian Deindl, Dr. Nekehia Quashie (University of Rhode Island, Department of Health Studies), Dr. Judith Kaschowitz, Lisa Jessee, Robert Heidemann, Dr. Melanie Wagner (Max Planck Institute for Social Law and Social Policy, Munich Center for the Economics of Aging), Nanke Bechthold


German Research Foundation (ORA)


2023 Le, D., N. Quashie, M. Brandt & Y. Ibuka: Wealth inequalities in physical and cognitive impairments across Japan and Europe: the role of health expenditure and infrastructure. International Journal of Health in Equity, 22, 123. 
2023 Brandt, M., C. Deindl, G. Floridi, R. Heidemann, J. Kaschowitz, N. Quashie, E. Verbakel & M. Wagner. Social inequalities and the wellbeing of family caregivers across European care regimesJournal of Family Research35, 181–195.
2023 Verbakel, E., K. Glaser, Y. Amzour, M. Brandt & M. Broese van Groenou: Indicators of familialism and defamilialization in long-term care: a theoretical overview and introduction of macro-level indicators. Journal of European Social Policy, 33, 1, 34-51.
2022 Brandt, M., J. Kaschowitz & N.T. Quashie: Socioeconomic inequalities in the wellbeing of informal caregivers across Europe. Aging and Mental Health, 26, 8, 1589-1596.
2022 Floridi, G., N.T. Quashie, K. Glaser & M. Brandt: Partner care arrangements and well-being in mid- and later life: The role of gender across care contexts. The Journals of Gerontology: Series B, 77, 2, 435-445.
2022 Quashie, N., M. Wagner, E. Verbakel & C. Deindl: Socioeconomic differences in informal caregiving in Europe. European Journal of Ageing, 19, 621-632.
2020 Kaschowitz, J. & P. Lazarevic: Bedeutung des Gesundheitsindikators bei der Analyse der Gesundheitsfolgen informeller Pflege. Anderer Indikator, anderes Ergebnis? Zeitschrift für Gerontologie und Geriatrie, 53, 1, 10-16.
2019 Knauthe, K. & C. Deindl (2019): Altersarmut von Frauen durch häusliche Pflege. Gutachten im Auftrag des Sozialverband Deutschland e. V.
2019 Wagner, M., A. Franke & U. Otto (2019): Pflege über räumliche Distanz hinwegZeitschrift für Gerontologie und Geriatrie, 52, 6, 529-536.